Get to Know 8 Components & Functions of Cranes at Crane Schools

Get to Know 8 Components & Functions of Cranes at Crane Schools

If you plan to attend school to obtain your crane operator certification, you may wonder exactly what you are going to learn. That depends on the exact

course of study

you select, but in any case, you will learn the various components of cranes and their functions.

1. Hook

The hook is the component of the crane that attaches to the load that is going to be moved. It must be durable as it is used to secure large, heavy loads.

2. Boom 

Students who attend crane operator schools quickly learn that the boom is the large, vertical portion of the crane. It is the structure that moves the load that has been attached to the hook. There are lattice booms and hydraulic booms.

3. Outriggers

Outriggers extend out from the base of the crane. They provide the stability that helps prevent the boom from tipping over when handling large loads.

4. Hoist

The hoist or hoist drum is the lift component. It raises the load up from its original position and lowers it to its destination.

5. Wire Rope and Sheaves

Strong ropes that are braided into strong helixes are necessary for lifting and moving heavy loads. Sheaves are a system of pulleys that support the ropes and allow for heavier lifting.

6. Counterweights

Counterweights are placed on the back of the crane. They prevent the crane from tipping over in the direction of the load.

7. Wheels and Tracks

Wheels and tracks make cranes mobile. They allow them to move around the job site.

8. Jib

The jib is the horizontal component that extends beyond the boom. It gives the crane additional reach.

Crane Operator Schools Provide Detailed Training and Info

If you attend a certified crane operator school, you will learn about all eight of these components and functions in-depth. Combined, these parts work together to help move heavy loads quickly and safely.


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